Presenile cataracts are a common eye condition that can occur in people as young as 40. Symptoms of presenile cataracts include blurred vision, difficulty seeing at night, and sensitivity to light. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you must see your optometrist as soon as possible for a diagnosis. In this blog post, we will discuss the causes and symptoms of presenile cataracts, as well as how they can be treated.
What Is Presenile Cataract?
A presenile cataract is an early onset form of cataract that can develop in people as young as 40 years old. This type of cataract is characterized by a gradual, painless loss of vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. In some cases, presenile cataracts may lead to complete blindness.
This type of cataract is caused by a buildup of proteins in the lens of the eye, which causes the lens to become opaque and prevents light from reaching the retina. Presenile cataracts can be treated with surgery, which involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.
It might seem like presenile cataracts are not that big of a deal, but if left untreated, they can cause serious problems. If you suspect that you or someone you know has a presenile cataract, it’s important to see an eye doctor right away for an evaluation. Early diagnosis and treatment are the best way to preserve vision and prevent further damage.
How Can You Detect It?
Identifying presenile cataracts is a difficult task because its symptoms are not always apparent. Some common symptoms include:
- Blurry or hazy vision: It is common for people with presenile cataracts to experience blurred or hazy vision. This is because the cloudy lens is obstructing the light that enters the eye.
- Difficulty seeing at night: People with presenile cataracts may have difficulty seeing at night or in low-light conditions. This is due to the fact that the cloudy lens makes it difficult for the eye to focus on objects.
- Sensitivity to light: People with presenile cataracts may be sensitive to light, as the cloudiness of the lens can cause glare. This can make it difficult to drive or read.
- Colors appear to be faded: Sometimes, people with presenile cataracts may notice that colors appear to be faded. This is because the cloudy lens filters out some of the light, which can cause colors to appear duller than they actually are.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you must see an eye doctor as soon as possible. Also, if you have a family history of cataracts, you should be sure to get your eyes checked regularly. The right treatment can help you to improve your vision.
What Causes Presenile Cataracts?
The causes of presenile cataracts can be either genetic or environmental. Let’s discuss how these two factors can lead to the development of presenile cataracts.
- Genetic Factors: Some people are born with a genetic predisposition to developing presenile cataracts. This means that their parents or grandparents may have had the condition. In other cases, a mutation in a specific gene can cause presenile cataracts.
- Environmental Factors: Certain environmental factors can also increase your risk of developing presenile cataracts. These include exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, smoking, and diabetes.
Along with these causes, there are also some risk factors that are associated with presenile cataracts. These include:
- Age: The older you are, the greater your risk of developing of this cataract.
- Gender: Women are more likely to develop a presenile cataract than men.
Now that we’ve discussed the causes and risk factors of presenile cataracts, let’s move on to how they’re detected and treated. Also, it is important to note that a presenile cataract can lead to vision problems and even blindness if left untreated.
How To Diagnose It?
The diagnosis of presenile cataract is made by a comprehensive eye examination. This includes testing the clarity of the lens with a bright light and magnifying glass. If a cataract is present, your doctor may recommend further tests, such as x-rays or ultrasounds, to determine its size and location.
In addition, your doctor will likely ask about your medical history and any medications you are taking. He or she may also perform a visual acuity test to determine how well you can see.
It is important to note that not all cloudy lenses are cataracts. In some cases, the lens may be clouded due to other conditions, such as diabetes or age-related macular degeneration. Therefore, it is important to see an eye doctor for a complete evaluation.
How Can You Treat It?
There are a few ways to treat presenile cataracts. Some common treatment options include:
Wearing glasses or contact lenses
It is common for people with presenile cataracts to wear either glasses or contact lenses. This helps to improve vision and make everyday activities easier. For instance, you may find it difficult to read without glasses or contacts if you have this type of cataract.
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove cataracts. This is usually done when the cataracts are severely affecting vision and other treatment options have not worked. Surgery is a fairly simple procedure and typically has a good success rate. This surgery works by replacing the cloudy lens with a clear artificial one.
Using eyedrops or ointments
This is one way to help relieve the symptoms of presenile cataracts, but it will not improve your vision. Your doctor may also recommend that you use artificial tears. These can help lubricate your eyes and reduce dryness and irritation. For example, if your cataracts are causing glare, you may be given a pair of glasses with a special anti-glare coating.
It is one of the most important things you can do to treat your presenile cataracts. A healthy lifestyle includes:
- maintaining a healthy weight
- eating a balanced diet
- exercising regularly
- getting enough sleep
- avoiding smoking
- limiting your alcohol intake
These habits can contribute to the development of presenile cataracts. If you already have a presenile cataract, these lifestyle changes may help slow their progression. Overall, it is important to take care of your health to reduce your risk of developing this type of cataract or other age-related conditions.
So, do not hesitate to reach out to your doctor if you think you may be developing this cataract. With early detection and treatment, you can help slow the progression of this condition and preserve your vision.
To conclude, presenile cataracts are a type of cataract that can develop in people as they age. While they are not necessarily harmful, they can cause vision problems. If you think you may have presenile cataracts, it is important to see an eye doctor for a proper diagnosis.
There are numerous treatment options that can help improve your vision if you have presenile cataracts. These include eyeglasses, contact lenses, and surgery. If you have this type of cataract, talk to your eye doctor about the best treatment option for you.
And if you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to reach out to Eye Mantra. At EyeMantra we have a team of experienced eye surgeons, who will be happy to answer your any questions on cataract surgery, cataract surgery cost, cataract lens cost for different cataract surgery types- Phacoemulsification, MICS & Femto Laser Cataract. Call us at +91-9711116605 or email at [email protected] for inquiries.