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A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which lies behind the iris and pupil. The lens focuses light onto the retina — the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye.Most cataracts develop slowly and don’t disturb vision early on. Over time, however, cataracts may cause blurred or fuzzy vision, increased sensitivity to light and glare, poor night vision, trouble seeing colors as they really are, and the appearance of “halos” around lights.
Cataract surgery is performed to remove the cloudy natural lens of your eye and replace it with a clear artificial lens. The procedure is usually done as an outpatient procedure, which means you won’t have to stay in the hospital overnight.Cataract surgery is needed when cataracts begin to interfere with your daily activities. For most people, this occurs when they’re 60 or older. In some cases, however, infants and young children may be born with cataracts or develop them at an early age.
Cataract surgery is a very common and generally safe procedure. However, as with any surgery, there are potential side effects that can occur. These can range from mild and temporary to more serious and long-term.
Some of the more common side effects of cataract surgery include:
- Soreness or irritation in the eye
- Watery eyes
- Blurry vision
- Light sensitivity
- Eye fatigue
These side effects are usually mild and should improve within a few days to weeks after surgery. More serious side effects are rare but can include:
- Bleeding inside the eye
- Retinal detachment
- Secondary cataracts
If you experience any of these side effects, it is important to contact your eye surgeon immediately.