If you have ever seen a rainbow in the sky, then you have an idea of what a polychromatic cataract looks like. This type of cataract occurs when light is scattered in many different directions as it passes through the lens of the eye. This can cause objects to appear blurry and distorted. In this blog post, we will discuss the symptoms of a polychromatic cataract and how it is treated.
What Is a Polychromatic Cataract?
A polychromatic cataract is a type of cataract that affects the eye’s lens. The lens is made up of proteins, and over time, these proteins can break down and clump together. This clumping causes the lens to become cloudy and unfocused.
Polychromatic cataracts are simply defined as a type of cataract where there is a change in the protein makeup of the eye’s lens. This can result in the lens becoming yellow, brown, or even red.
Many people around the globe suffer from this condition, and it is a leading cause of blindness. The reason behind this is that the clumping of proteins in the lens obstructs light from entering the eye, which results in blurred vision.
Therefore, if you are experiencing any changes in your vision, it is important to consult an eye doctor immediately. They will be able to diagnose the problem and recommend the best course of treatment.
How To Identify It?
It might be difficult to immediately tell if you have a polychromatic cataract since they generally don’t affect vision early on. However, you might notice that your pupil looks unusual – it could be discolored or have an odd shape. Some other common signs are as follows:
- The iris (the colored part of the eye) looks pale
- There is a whitish film over the eyeball
- Decreased vision in bright light
- Lack of color vision
- Eye pain
- Sensitivity to light
- Glare and halos around lights
These symptoms of a polychromatic cataract that people may experience can be mistaken for other eye conditions, so it’s important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible for a proper diagnosis.
What Causes Polychromatic Cataracts?
While the cause of this condition is not currently known, it is believed to be linked to a genetic mutation. Because a genetic mutation is the root cause, there is currently no way to prevent polychromatic cataracts from developing. Some other causes and risk factors might include:
- Exposure to UV light: This type of light exposure may contribute to the development of cataracts, though more research is needed to confirm this.
- Certain medications: Some medications have been linked to an increased risk of developing cataracts. These include steroids, diuretics, beta-blockers, and antidepressants.
- Medical conditions: Conditions such as diabetes and hypertension have also been linked to an increased risk of developing cataracts.
- High myopia: Many people who develop polychromatic cataracts also have high myopia or nearsightedness.
- Previous eye trauma or surgery: Sometimes, cataracts can develop after an injury to the eye or surgery.
So these are some possible causes and risk factors for polychromatic cataracts. More often, it is simply due to a genetic mutation and can’t be prevented. But it’s important to be aware of the other causes as well.
How Does It Different From Other Cataract Types?
Now that we know what a polychromatic cataract is, let’s discuss how it differs from other types of cataracts.
One major difference is that a polychromatic cataract usually develops in both eyes simultaneously, while other types of cataracts typically develop in only one eye. Additionally, polychromatic cataracts tend to progress more quickly than other types of cataracts.
Symptoms-wise, polychromatic cataracts may cause decreased vision and increased sensitivity to light. You may also notice that colors appear faded or less bright. If you experience any of these symptoms, be sure to schedule an appointment with your eye doctor.
Usually, each type is diagnosed and treated differently. For example, monochromatic cataracts are often treated with surgery, while polychromatic cataracts may be treated with a combination of surgery and medications. If you have a polychromatic cataract, do not hesitate to contact a professional for further help!
How Is It Diagnosed?
A polychromatic cataract can usually be diagnosed during a routine eye examination. Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history and will conduct a thorough eye exam. During the exam, they will look for any changes in your lens that may be causing your vision problems.
In some cases, additional tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. These tests may include:
- A visual acuity test: This test measures how well you see at different distances.
- A refraction test: This test is used to determine if you need glasses or contact lenses.
- An eye chart test: This test measures your ability to see details at a distance.
- A slit-lamp examination: This test allows your doctor to get a close look at your eye using a special microscope.
- A dilated eye exam: This test allows your doctor to get a better view of the back of your eye. Drops are used to widen (dilate) your pupils so that the inside of your eye can be examined.
As you can see the diagnosis is not difficult, but if you are experiencing any changes in your vision, it is important to see an eye doctor right away. They can provide you with an accurate evaluation of your eye health and help you determine the best course of treatment.
How Polychromatic Cataracts Are Treated?
Treatment for a polychromatic cataract will depend on the severity of your symptoms. In some cases, no treatment may be necessary. If you are experiencing vision problems, however, surgery may be recommended.
During surgery, the lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens. This procedure is called cataract surgery. It is typically safe and effective. Complications from surgery are rare but can include infection, bleeding, and retinal detachment.
Moreover, the process of surgery for a polychromatic cataract is the same as for a monochromatic cataract. However, due to the increased number of colors involved, it may take longer to remove the lens. Additionally, there are some other options as well to treat this eye condition such as:
- Intraocular Lens Implants (IOL)
- Phakic IOLs
These both are surgical options in which a doctor makes tiny incisions in your eye and inserts the IOL. These lenses help you to focus the light properly on your retina and improve your vision.
Cataract surgery is usually successful in improving vision. In some cases, however, you may still need to wear glasses or contact lenses after surgery.
If you have a polychromatic cataract, it is important to see an ophthalmologist regularly so that your vision can be monitored. With the proper treatment, you can maintain good vision for many years.
In conclusion, a polychromatic cataract is a type of cataract that is characterized by its multiple colors. If you think you or someone you know may have a polychromatic cataract, it is important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible for treatment. Recovery is usually successful and the prognosis is good.
You should prioritize your health and safety above all else, so please don’t hesitate to get in touch with a healthcare provider if you have any concerns. You can also reach out to Eye Mantra.
At EyeMantra we have a team of experienced eye surgeons, who will be happy to answer any questions on cataract surgery, cataract surgery cost, cataract lens cost for different cataract surgery types- Phacoemulsification, MICS & Femto Laser Cataract. Call us at +91-9711116605 or email at [email protected] for inquiries.