Cortical Cataract Treatment: What You Need to Know

Cortical Cataract Treatment: What You Need to Know

Cortical cataracts are a type of cataract that affects the outermost layer of the lens. This type of cataract is often more difficult to treat than other types of cataracts, which is why it’s important to learn about all your options before you decide on a treatment plan. In this blog post, we will discuss cortical cataract treatment options and what you need to know before you make a decision. We’ll also provide some tips for keeping your eyes healthy!

What Is Cortical Cataract?

What Is Cortical Cataract?A cortical cataract is a type of cataract that forms on the outer edges of the lens. It is characterized by white, wedge-shaped opacities that radiate from the center of the lens. Cortical cataracts usually develop slowly and don’t typically cause significant vision problems until they are well advanced.

There are two main types of cortical cataracts: nuclear and posterior. Nuclear cortical cataracts form in the nucleus, or center, of the lens. Posterior cortical cataracts form on the back surface of the lens. Both are considered to be age-related changes.

This is believed that cortical cataract is caused by changes in the proteins that make up the lens. As we age, these proteins can become damaged or altered, which can lead to the formation of cataracts. So if you’re over the age of 60, you’re at increased risk for developing this type of cataract. If you have a cortical cataract, you must seek help.

How Do I Know If I Need Cortical Cataract Treatment?

There are various ways you can tell if you have a cataract. Some of the common symptoms of cortical cataracts include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Colors seem faded
  • Glare and halos around lights are more common
  • Poor night vision

These symptoms typically develop slowly over time. If you experience any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your eye doctor to get a comprehensive eye exam. Only a trained professional can determine if you have a cataract and if treatment is necessary. There are several ways your doctor can determine if you have a cataract and if it’s time for treatment.

First, they will conduct a thorough eye examination. During this exam, they will assess your vision and look for any changes in your eyesight. They will also use a special microscope to examine the lens of your eye. This will allow them to see if there are any cloudy areas on the lens.

If your doctor suspects you have a cataract, they may also recommend that you have an imaging test. This could include an ultrasound of your eye or a CAT scan. These tests can help to confirm the diagnosis and determine the severity of the cataract. Once your doctor has diagnosed you with a cataract, they will work with you to develop a treatment plan.

What Are Some Treatment Options?

What Are Some Treatment Options?If you are diagnosed with a cortical cataract, there are a few different treatment options available to you. Your doctor will work with you to determine the best course of action based on the severity of your cataract and your overall health. Some of the treatment options include:


This is the most common treatment option for cortical cataracts. During surgery, your doctor will make a small incision in your eye and remove the cloudy lens. Once the lens is removed, your doctor will place a new, artificial lens called an intraocular lens (IOL) in its place. In addition, it is common for your doctor to prescribe eye drops and/or ointments to help with the healing process.

Cataract removal is a very successful surgery and most people experience an improvement in their vision after the procedure. Several surgery types can be performed depending on the severity of your cataract.

Laser surgery

In some cases, your doctor may recommend laser surgery instead of traditional surgery. During laser surgery, your doctor will use a laser to make a small incision in your eye and then remove the cloudy lens with a device called a phacoemulsification machine. There are also new types of laser surgery that can be used to treat cortical cataracts.

While laser surgery is generally safe, it does have some risks. These include:

  • Hemorrhage
  • Infection
  • Inflammation
  • Retinal detachment
  • Vision loss

You should talk to your doctor about these risks before you have laser surgery. If you have a cortical cataract, you will need to see your doctor for regular eye exams.


In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medication to help improve your vision. These medications may include:

  • steroids or other anti-inflammatory drugs
  • antiviral medications
  • drainage devices
  • vitamins and minerals

These medications are usually only prescribed if your cataract is causing significant vision problems or if you have other eye conditions. Studies have also found that certain medications, such as steroids, may help prevent the progression of cataracts.

Other options

If you have a cataract that’s interfering with your vision, you have a few options for treatment. The most common and effective treatment is surgery to remove the cataract and replace the cloudy lens with an artificial one. In some cases, however, surgery isn’t recommended or may not be possible.

In these instances, other treatments can help improve vision, although they don’t usually get rid of the cataract completely. These include:

  • Prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses: These can help reduce the glare from lights and make it easier to see.
  • Intense pulsed light therapy: This involves using brief pulses of light directed at the eye to try to slow the progression of the cataract.

So the cortical cataract treatment options are numerous but if you are looking for the most effective and common option, surgery is the way to go. Be sure to speak with your doctor to discuss all of your options and find the best course of treatment for you.

How To Choose The Right Option?

How To Choose The Right Option?It is one of the most difficult decisions to make when you are told that you have a cataract. There are many things to consider and the decision is not always clear. Here are some things to think about when making your decision:

  • How advanced is the cataract?
  • Are both eyes affected?

These are some common questions that will help you and your doctor decide if cataract surgery is the best option for you. Along with this, there are other things too that you must consider before going for cortical cataract treatment.

  • The severity of your cataract: In general, people with cataracts have good vision. But as the cataract becomes worse, it affects your vision more.
  • How much it bothers you: If your cataract is not bad enough to interfere with your daily activities, you may not need surgery right away.
  • Your other health problems: Some health conditions can make cataract surgery riskier.
  • Your lifestyle: If you have an active lifestyle, you may want to have the surgery sooner. This is because your vision may be more important to you.
  • Your visual goals: If you depend on your vision for work or other activities, you may want to have the surgery sooner.

So overall these are some things you must keep in mind before deciding on cortical cataract treatment. Hope this helped! Also, you should understand that cortical cataract treatment is not a one-time thing. You might have to visit your doctor for regular follow-ups.

This is because, after the surgery, you will be at a higher risk of developing other eye problems such as glaucoma or macular degeneration. So make sure to keep that in mind and take good care of your eyes!


To conclude, cortical cataract treatment is necessary for those who want to improve their vision. This type of surgery is usually quick and easy, and it can be performed on an outpatient basis. Recovery times are typically short, and most people experience little to no discomfort after the procedure. If you think you may have a cataract, be sure to see your doctor for a comprehensive eye exam.

With time and proper care, your vision should improve significantly after cortical cataract surgery. In some cases, you may even be able to achieve a 20/20 vision. Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions and take good care of your eyes to ensure the best possible outcome. You can also contact EyeMantra for more information and resources.

At EyeMantra we have a team of experienced eye surgeons, who will be happy to answer your questions on cataract surgerycataract surgery cost, and cataract lens cost for different cataract surgery types- PhacoemulsificationMICS & Femto Laser Cataract. Call us at +91-9711116605 or email at [email protected] for inquiries.